Asexual reproduction occurs when a living being produces offspring rapidly without the need for any courtship, search for mates, or mating. When the organism reaches a state of maturity, a cell or a part of the body is unleashed that creates a new individual through mitosis.
Asexual reproduction stands out for not needing specialized cells that are used to create organisms that are genetically the same and for having a very simple mechanism that works better in stable environments.
There are many living things that reproduce asexually and some of them are shown here.
Examples of living things with asexual reproduction
Many families of starfish reproduce through excision , which means that another living being is created from one of the arms of their body.
whip tailed lizard
The whip-tailed lizard only has a female population, and reproduction is asexual, specifically, it reproduces through partogenesis . It is based on the development of female sex cells without the need for fertilization by the male.
The sea sponge has an asexual reproduction called budding, where the new beings begin as simple prominences of the primary organism to end up letting go of it and being totally independent.
The torva planaria is a genus of planarid triclads and belongs to the flatworms, and, the most normal thing is that they live in fresh waters of Europe. It reproduces by fragmentation , that is, it is cut into several parts and each of them generates a new being.
This type of fleas have both types of reproduction and in the case of the asexual one, the females lay eggs with equal properties and are only created of the female gender.
The Ramphotyphlops braminus is a snake that originated in the continents of Africa and Asia and later spread to others. It has an asexual reproduction, specifically of the type of parthenogenesis .
Wasps have a rather convoluted reproduction since the eggs that the female lays have chromosomes that have been created by the Wolbachia bacterium and that allows the descendants to be totally the same. This has caused some species of male wasps to disappear.
This type of crab is different from the others because it is an invasive species that has asexual reproduction of the apomixis type . This process only happens in plants and is based on the development of an embryo without the process by which sexual reproduction begins.
Some salamanders reproduce by gynogenesis and although they need the male’s sperm as they do not carry a genetic load, they are called asexual.
The algae have a reproduction in which they generate spores in organs called sporangia, and, when the spores are mature, they are released to form independent living beings. Of course, the medium must be adequate because otherwise the spores do not generate a new organism.