It is the ability of different elements to break down into natural chemical substances in a partially short time and by the actions of living beings such as fungi, insects, worms or bacteria, which use them to create energy. Biodegradation occurs anaerobically, that is, without oxygen, or aerobically, that is, with the implicit need for respiration, in the open air.
There are environmental factors that harm the degradation of some products, taking time to replenish the soil, through factors such as humidity, time or being materials attackable by microbes , factors that are taken into account for the ordering of the elements, designated as non-biodegradable and biodegradable.
You have to be very careful with the environment, and for this reason, the use of biodegradable products is essential, since it helps to reduce the level of waste and avoids contamination in the world. In any case, you have to know that anaerobic biodegradation releases methane, which is a greenhouse gas.
Some examples of biodegradable elements are:
Made up of cellulose that , when in contact with moisture, bacteria or fungi, begin to decompose, rejoining the earth. The process usually lasts between two and five months, everything depends on light or humidity, for example.
It is a biodegradable element, but it varies due to factors such as humidity and also the type of wood , since there are trees that have wood that tolerates more degradation by bacteria or chanterelles.
An animal root material that is used to last a long time , maybe 20 or 40 years or even centuries, then it takes longer to degrade.
A biological element that can last a few years in normal situations and is easily degraded by microorganisms.
The meat of many animals is easily degraded by the various microorganisms that work by breaking down the tissues into more elemental materials , which are later reintegrated into the environment.
It is incorporated into nature after 10 or 15 years have passed since the death of the animal, although the bone persists for many years and even centuries before returning to the earth . It can maintain the shape that the bone showed even though it was reincorporated into nature through the petrification process, in which the material abandons its organic composition and transforms it through mineralization.
fruit and vegetable
Depending on the plant, the degradation thanks to the action of the microorganism can occur at different times, for example, fruit that has a lot of water degrades faster, while other parts of a plant that contain a lot of oil, degrade faster. slower way.
Natural soap is made up of soda and natural fat and is dissolved by water when natural decomposition begins, which is why it is a biodegradable substance, unlike some detergent that contains chemicals.
The faeces of living beings degrade very quickly due to the biochemical action of microbes.