Bipartition or binary fission is a method of asexual reproduction by which an organism is transformed into two new identical organisms and this happens in simple organisms such as yeasts, protozoa, bacteria, archaea and unicellular algae. The process is not very complicated, the DNA is duplicated and then divided to give new origins, which push towards each end of the chromosome until it breaks completely and two daughter cells with identical genetic makeup are created.
- Regular: the cell divides symmetrically.
- Longitudinal: Flagellates divide longitudinally.
- Amoeba type: the division is irregular.
- Transverse: it is divided perpendicularly.
Bacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms with a single cell and are everywhere on planet Earth as they are essential for ecosystems, and even human beings are full of them.
Its reproduction is by binary fission or bipartition, which tries to duplicate the DNA for its subsequent division , thus appearing two daughter bacteria. Depending on the type of bacteria, reproduction can occur every 10 or 30 minutes, that’s why there are millions of them.
Archaea are microscopic single-celled organisms that do not have a nucleus but do have flagella and a lipid-filled cell wall. The reproduction of these living beings is asexual, specifically through budding, fragmentation and especially binary fission.
Each and every one of the archaea that exists have the same number of chromosomes as they do not undergo meiosis. Rather they carry out cell division and the chromosome duplicates , the copies separate and the cell divides giving two daughter cells.
bipartition: unicellular algae
Unicellular algae are microscopic organisms capable of photosynthesis and are found in all bodies of fresh water and humid land areas , they also stand out for being very important plants in the production of oxygen. The way to reproduce is asexual, more specifically they do it through binary fission with the production of two daughter cells.
Yeasts or ferments are a group of different microscopic and unicellular fungi that perform the function of decomposing organic substances , especially sugars and carbohydrates.
They reproduce sexually through spores and asexually by bipartition, forming a new litter in just 90 minutes.
Protozoa or protozoa are a group of microorganisms that live in humid or aquatic places and that are around 300,000 species throughout the food chain: herbivores, decomposers, predators and parasites.
It is characterized by sexual and asexual reproduction, everything depends on environmental conditions. Regarding binary fission, they perform it through mitosis to give two new cells identical to the mother and also to each other.