One of the most basic differences in the world of cooking is knowing how to differentiate foods of plant and animal origin, bearing in mind that the latter, as their name suggests, come from animals such as milk, meat or fish. These products have been consumed since the existence of the human being , first through hunting and fishing and later through livestock, which are important for the nutrients they contain.
Most foods that come from animals are a great source of potassium , iodine, zinc, calcium and iron, and they also stand out for having vitamins K, B, D and A, which help to develop metabolism and maintain the nervous system. .
Meat foods are those that refer to meat, but also the skin, bones, viscera and cartilage that come from mammals, birds and reptiles.
There are two types of meat:
- Red: beef, ox, game and horse meat.
- White: chicken, rabbit and turkey.
The fish is equivalent to the fish used for food , taking into account that they can be inhabited in the water (trout, lamprey, eel, bass, carp and pike) or raised using aquaculture techniques.
Bird eggs (chicken, quail and ostrich) are a food consumed daily by human beings as they have a diversity of nutrients. A clear example is the 6.29 grams of protein it contains and 3.6 of them come from egg white, a semi-transparent liquid that also contains folic acid, vitamin B12, niacin, copper, sodium and calcium.
Milk and dairy products
Dairy derivatives are those that are obtained thanks to milk (powdered, semi-skimmed, skimmed and evaporated) and the corresponding technological treatments. Here you can find cheese, butter, curd, yogurt, cream and ice cream.
Gelatin is a sweet or savory food with a fairly soft consistency and a shiny appearance. Its elaboration starts from cartilage, skin and animal bones, in which collagen hydrolysis is found, that is, a protein. This food has multiple benefits such as providing alanine, glycine, lysine and valine to the human body, as well as helping the skin to stay in good condition.
Caviar is the name given to the roe of the sturgeon fish, which lives in the lakes and rivers of Asia and Europe . It is not usually consumed much because it is expensive, but it is very rich in nutrients by helping muscles to develop, as well as strengthening teeth and bones.
Some species of insects are used for food such as grasshoppers, crickets, mealworms, Mopane caterpillars, termites, king worm larvae, and fall flies.
The insects that can be eaten by humans come from factory farms that are carefully controlled and without the use of hormones or chemicals. Finally, it should be noted that they are very rich in nutrients such as calcium and magnesium.