Psychopedagogy is a recent science, emerged in the nineteenth century in the United States, which every day arouses more interest in people who are dedicated to teaching. Know its most important points in this post.
The masters in Psychopedagogy are one of the most demanded postgraduate courses by education professionals.But why this demand? Do you know what Psychopedagogy is and what are its contributions? At UNIR we address this discipline, its functions and fundamental applications.
Definition of Psychopedagogy
Psychopedagogy is the social science that deals with the study of learning and teaching processes . It is a fairly recent discipline. Its practice began in the United States towards the end of the 19th century, although the term was not coined until 1908, in France, by G. Persigout, who defined it as “experimental paidotechnics” in his book of essays on Pedagogy.
As the term itself indicates, this discipline is the point where two other sciences converge: Psychology and Pedagogy. Therefore, its principles are based on psychological research involved by cognitive and affective processes or social factors and the environment of the individual, whose study in terms of behavior are applied to the didactic methodology, the study of emotions and behavior. , to later apply them in the didactic methodology.
Goals of Psychopedagogy
In addition to the study of cognitive development processes (during all stages of the individual’s life), Psychopedagogy has three priority objectives within educational practice: prevention, detection and intervention in the individual’s learning problems .
And it is not only focused on serving students with special needs, but also those students who show poor school performance, have specific difficulties in certain academic areas, manifest inappropriate behaviors in the classroom or integration problems.
In order to know how to address the specific learning problems of students, Psychopedagogy also offers its professionals a wide range of evaluation techniques: from the bases for empirical observation and forms and interviews, to the application of psychometric tests and questionnaires in order to to detect possible learning and developmental difficulties or disorders.
Functions of Psychopedagogy applied to the school environment
Within the educational framework, the figure of the psychopedagogue has gained vital importance due to the prevailing inclusive model of students with special needs. Also, for another reason: it is the professional specialized in the new didactic and pedagogical resources that favor the academic performance and the well-being of the students in the center. Hence, the application of Psychopedagogy and the performance of the counselor cover a wide range of functions:
Attention to diversity
Psychopedagogy offers the necessary resources for intervention and the development of programs that address the learning and development difficulties of students: from carrying out psychological evaluations and adapting curricula, to offering the teacher activities and content suitable for each personalized case.
Advise the student’s family on their child’s learning difficulties and the team of professionals (inside and outside the school) who work with the student.
Definition of educational projects
Creation of the educational projects of the center with the aim of improving coexistence and the environment within the community, favoring the inclusion of students and the prevention of violent behavior, harassment, addictions …
Didactic resources and student monitoring
Offer teaching resources and materials to teachers, as well as monitor the student to assess whether the intervention program is offering the expected results.
Carry out the vocational orientation of the students, that is to say: guide them in the itineraries within the ESO, Baccalaureate, FP; or in their insertion into the world of work.